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Ralph Bakshi ist ein US-amerikanischer Filmregisseur, der überwiegend Trickfilme für ein Erwachsenenpublikum und gelegentlich andere Spielfilme, zuletzt meist für Fernsehformate, hervorbrachte. Ralph Bakshi (* Oktober in Haifa, Palästina, heute Israel) ist ein US-​amerikanischer Filmregisseur, der überwiegend Trickfilme für ein. Der Herr der Ringe ist ein Fantasy-Zeichentrickfilm des US-amerikanischen Regisseurs Ralph Bakshi aus dem Jahr Er ist nach der Hobbit-Verfilmung von. Unfiltered: The Complete Ralph Bakshi The Force Behind Fritz the Cat, Mighty Mouse, Cool World, and Heavy Traffic: tereseengqvist.se: Gibson, Jon M., McDonnell. Darsteller: nicht bekannt; Regisseur(e): Ralph Bakshi; Format: Dolby, PAL, Surround-Sound; Sprache: Deutsch (Dolby Surround), Englisch (Dolby Surround​).

ralph bakshi

ralph bakshi lord of the rings. Unfiltered: The Complete Ralph Bakshi The Force Behind Fritz the Cat, Mighty Mouse, Cool World, and Heavy Traffic: tereseengqvist.se: Gibson, Jon M., McDonnell. Wizards () - Ralph Bakshi "High School cartoon drawing at SIA in Bakshi's first Wizards drawing without realizing it." Uploaded by. Die erotischen Kultfilmklassiker des Zeichentrickmeisters Ralph Bakshi in einer Box: Fritz the Cat Die Neun Leben von Fritz the Cat Starker Verkehr Inspiriert von​. Die Welt in 10 Millionen Jahren. Ralph Bakshi. Film (DVD). Zustand: Gebraucht - Sehr gut. sofort lieferbar. % SALE %. Neu 14,99 € Sie sparen 8,96 € (60 %). Der erste Film von Ralph Bakshis legendärer Fantasy-Trilogie (vor "Der Herr der Ringe" und "Feuer und Eis") in einer digital restaurierten Fassung mit. Finden Sie Top-Angebote für Herr der Ringe Animation VHS Regie Ralph Bakshi bei eBay. Kostenlose Lieferung für viele Artikel! Wizards () - Ralph Bakshi "High School cartoon drawing at SIA in Bakshi's first Wizards drawing without realizing it." Uploaded by. ralph bakshi

This version covers just over half of the original book. A second instalment was planned to bring the story to an end, but was sadly never completed.

While the ending feels abrupt, it does at least end at a sensible point in the story. One has to feel a little frustration and regret that no sequel exists in which we might follow these animated heroes to their eventual goal.

The animation is passable, with a nice variety of locales and characters presented in interesting detail. The music by Leonard Rosenman is suitably stirring and fits in appropriately with the epic narrative.

On the other hand, Michael Scholes - who provides the voice for Sam - is rather campy and goofy, which is not well suited to the character.

The Lord Of The Rings is a commendable attempt to visualise the staggering book on which it is based. Sign In.

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Metacritic Reviews. Photo Gallery. Trailers and Videos. Crazy Credits. Alternate Versions. Rate This. Director: Ralph Bakshi. Writers: Chris Conkling screenplay , Peter S.

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Edit Cast Cast overview, first billed only: Christopher Guard Frodo voice William Squire Gandalf voice Michael Scholes Sam voice John Hurt Aragorn voice Simon Chandler Merry voice Dominic Guard Pippin voice Norman Bird Bilbo voice Michael Graham Cox Legolas voice David Buck Gimli voice Peter Woodthorpe Ha-Ha Short.

Show all 30 episodes. Show all 7 episodes. Fire Chief voice. Stevie voice. Super Hero voice. Bird of Steel! Untouchable Documentary special thanks.

Documentary Self. Alternate Names: Bill Schneider. Edit Did You Know? Personal Quote: [on Richard Williams The Thief and the Cobbler ]: Over the years Richard would show me various magnificently animated sequences from the picture.

Richard was very much like DeKooning, the painter, where he kept changing the finished product. It was fine when he was working for himself and I told him when he sold the film to WB that unless he met a delivery date there would be trouble.

Star Sign: Scorpio. Making two pictures [the live action reference and the actual animated feature] in two years is crazy.

Most directors when they finish editing, they are finished; we were just starting. I got more than I expected. The crew is young. The crew loves it.

If the crew loves it, it's usually a great sign. They aren't older animators trying to snow me for jobs next year.

Although he continued to use rotoscoping in American Pop , Hey Good Lookin' , and Fire and Ice , Bakshi later regretted his use of rotoscoping, stating that he felt that it was a mistake to trace the source footage rather than using it as a guide.

By the time Bakshi was done animating, he had only four weeks left to cut the film [16] from a nearly minute [34] rough cut. Restoring a piece of animation where Gandalf fights the Balrog replaced in the finished film by a photomontage , Eddie Bakshi remarked that little of the film was left on the cutting room floor.

Bakshi asked three additional months to edit the film, but was declined. The film score was composed by Leonard Rosenman.

Bakshi wanted to include music by Led Zeppelin but producer Saul Zaentz insisted upon an orchestral score because he would not be able to release the band's music on his Fantasy Records label.

Rosenman wanted a large score, involving a piece orchestra, piece mixed choir and piece boy choir, [36] but ended up with a smaller ensemble.

In Lord of the Rings: Popular Culture in Global Context , Ernest Mathijs writes that Rosenman's score "is a middle ground between his more sonorous but dissonant earlier scores and his more traditional and less challenging sounding music [ In , the album was reissued on compact disc, with bonus tracks.

According to Bakshi, when he completed the film, United Artists executives told him that they were planning to release the film without indicating that a sequel would follow, because they felt that audiences would not pay to see half of a film:.

We had a huge fight, and they released it as Lord of the Rings. So when it came to the end, people were stunned in the theater, even worse than I ever realized they would be, because they were expecting to see the whole film.

People keep telling me I never finished the film. And I keep saying, 'That's right! But because it didn't say 'Part One,' everyone came in expecting to see the entire three books, and that's where the confusion comes in.

Although UA found that the film, while financially successful, "failed to overwhelm audiences", Bakshi did begin working on a sequel, and even had some B-roll footage shot.

The Film Book of J. Tolkien's the Lord of the Rings , published by Ballantine Books on October 12, , still referred to the sequel in the book's inside cover jacket.

Anyone who saw their version of The Hobbit know it has nothing to do with the quality and style of our feature. Bakshi found the two years spent on Rings immensly stressful, and the fan reaction was scathing.

He took comfort in talking to Priscila Tolkien, who said she loved it, but got into an argument with Zaentz [20] and refused to do Part Two.

Bakshi said he was "proud to have made part one" [46] and that his work was "there for anyone who would make part two. It was just too complex for animated to handle it, with the emotion that was needed and the size and scope.

During development of the live-action films, Bakshi said he was approached by Warner Brothers to make the second part, but refused as he was angry of not being notified about the live-action film.

After the live-action films found success, Bakshi stated that he would never have made the film if he had known what would happen during the production.

He is quoted as saying that the reason he made the film was "to save it for Tolkien, because I loved the Rings very much. That the thing that seemed to interest me the most was shooting off my big mouth, or sitting in a room and thinking about how do you feel about this issue or that issue and how do you get that over to an audience, was the most exciting part of my life.

The Lord of the Rings was a financial success. Critics were generally mixed in their responses to the film, but generally considered it to be a "flawed but inspired interpretation".

Frank Barrow of The Hollywood Reporter wrote that the film was "daring and unusual in concept. David Denby of New York magazine felt that the film would not make sense to viewers who had not previously read the book.

Denby wrote that the film was too dark and lacked humour, concluding that "The lurid, meaningless violence of this movie left me exhausted and sickened by the end.

The film has been cited as an influence on director Peter Jackson 's The Lord of the Rings film trilogy , although Jackson said that "our film is stylistically very different and the design is different.

A few weeks after watching the film, he bought a tie-in single-volume, paperback edition of the book, followed up by The Hobbit and The Silmarillion , as well as a recording of the radio adaptation, in which two of Bakshi's cast reprised their roles.

Reading about attempts to make the films live-action by Boorman and the Beatles contacting Kubrick and David Lean to do the same, Jackson agreed animation was the most sensible choice at the time.

Jackson remembers Bakshi's film as a "brave and ambitious attempt. Ahead of the films' release, Bakshi said he did not "understand it" but that he does "wish it to be a good movie.

After the films were released Bakshi said that while ,"on the creative side", he does "feel good that Peter Jackson continued" he begrudged Saul Zaentz for not notifying him of the live-action films.

He also said that, with his own film already made, Jackson could study it: "I'm glad Peter Jackson had a movie to look at—I never did.

And certainly there's a lot to learn from watching any movie, both its mistakes and when it works. So he had a little easier time than I did, and a lot better budget.

Bakshi had never watched the films, [44] but saw trailers [15] and while he praised the special effects, [62] [63] he said that Jackson "didn't understand" [49] Tolkien and created "special effects garbage" to sell toys, [15] saying his film has "more heart" and that, had he a similar budget, would have made a better film.

I thought that was kind of fucked up. I don't care. In fact, Jackson did acknowledge Bakshi's film as early as , when he told a worried fan that he hoped to outdo Bakshi, [66] as well as mentioning in the behind-the-scenes features that "the black Riders galloping out of Bree was an image I remember very clearly [ Another influence came through John Howe, who unwittingly copied a scene from Bakshi's film in a painting that depicted the four Hobbits hiding under a branch from a Ringwraith, [69] which Jackson turned into a scene in the film.

Jackson's decision to do a scene that misdirects the audience to think the wraiths slew the Hobbits may also derive from Bakshi. The film was adapted into comic book form with artwork by Spanish artist Luis Bermejo , under licence from Tolkien Enterprises.

Three issues were published for the European market, starting in , and were not published in the United States or translated into English due to copyright problems.

Warner Bros. As their gallant battle ended, so, too, ends the first great tale of The Lord of the Rings.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Theatrical release poster by Tom Jung. Peter S. Beagle Chris Conkling. Leonard Rosenman Paul Kont [1].

Main article: The Lord of the Rings soundtrack. The Animated Movie Guide. Chicago Review Press. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 27, November 21, The New York Times.

Jim Hill Media. Retrieved January 9, Archived from the original on October 18, Retrieved July 30, The A. Archived from the original on October 12, They just like to move things around " ".

The Onion A. The J. Houghton Mifflin. The Hollywood Reporter. Fox News. Archived from the original on February 5, John D.

University of Oklahoma. Archived from the original on September 3, Conlan Press. Archived from the original on February 9, Modern Masters Volume Mike Ploog.

TwoMorrows Publishing. The Lord of the Films. ECW Press. Starlog magazine. Unfiltered: The Complete Ralph Bakshi.

At the age of 15, after discovering Gene Byrnes ' Complete Guide to Cartooning at the public library, Bakshi took up cartooning to document his experiences and create fantasy-influenced artwork.

He stole a copy of the book and learned every lesson in it. After participating in a food fight and being caught smoking, Bakshi was sent to the principal's office.

In June , Bakshi graduated from the school with an award in cartooning. When Bakshi was 18, his friend Cosmo Anzilotti was hired by the cartoon studio Terrytoons ; Anzilotti recommended Bakshi to the studio's production manager, Frank Schudde.

His low-level position required Bakshi to carefully remove dirt and dust from animation cels.

After a few months, Schudde was surprised that Bakshi was still showing up to work, and promoted him to cel painter.

Bakshi began to practice animating; to give himself more time, at one point he slipped ten cels he was supposed to work on into the "to-do" pile of a fellow painter, Leo Giuliani.

Bakshi's deception was not noticed until two days later, when he was called to Schudde's office because the cels had been painted on the wrong side.

When Bakshi explained that Giuliani had made the mistake, an argument ensued between the three. Schudde eventually took Bakshi's side.

By this point, the studio's employees were aware of Bakshi's intention to become an animator, and he began to receive help and advice from established animators, including Connie Rasinski, Manny Davis, Jim Tyer, Larry Silverman and Johnnie Gentilella.

Bakshi married his first wife, Elaine, when he was Their son, Mark, was born when Bakshi was Elaine disliked his long work hours; parodying his marital problems, Bakshi drew Dum Dum and Dee Dee , a comic strip about a man determined "to get—and keep—the girl".

As he perfected his animation style, he began to take on more jobs, including creating design tests for the studio's head director, Gene Deitch.

Deitch was not convinced that Bakshi had a modern design sensibility. In response to the period's political climate and as a form of therapy, Bakshi drew the comic strips Bonefoot and Fudge , which satirized "idiots with an agenda", and Junktown , which focused on "misfit technology and discarded ideals".

Bakshi's frustrations with his failing marriage and the state of the planet further drove his need to animate. In , he moved his desk to join the rest of the animators; after asking Rasinski for material to animate, he received layouts of two scenes: a hat floating on water and a running Deputy Dawg , the lead character of a Terrytoons' series then being shown on CBS.

Despite threats of repercussion from the animators' union, Rasinski fought to keep Bakshi as a layout artist. Bakshi began to see Rasinski as a father figure; Rasinski, childless, was happy to serve as Bakshi's mentor.

At the age of 25, Bakshi was promoted to director. His first assignment was the series Sad Cat. Bakshi and his wife had separated by then, giving him the time to animate each short alone.

Bakshi was dissatisfied with the traditional role of a Terrytoons director: "We didn't really 'direct' like you'd think.

We were 'animation directors,' because the story department controlled the storyboards. We couldn't affect anything, but I still tried.

I'd re-time, mix up soundtracks—I'd fuck with it so I could make it my own. Other animation studios such as Hanna-Barbera were selling shows to the networks, even as the series produced by Terrytoons which was owned by CBS were declining in popularity.

The network executives rejected all of Weiss's proposals as "too sophisticated", "too corny", or "too old-timey".

The executives loved the idea, and while Silverman required a few drawings before committing, Weiss immediately put Bakshi to work on the series' development.

Once Silverman saw the character designs, he confirmed that CBS would greenlight the show, on the condition that Bakshi serve as its creative director.

Bakshi received a pay raise, but was not as satisfied with his career advancement as he had anticipated; Rasinski had died in , Bakshi did not have creative control over The Mighty Heroes , and he was unhappy with the quality of the animation, writing, timing and voice acting.

Although the series' first 20 segments were successful, Bakshi wanted to leave Terrytoons to form his own company. On the way to the CBS offices to make his pitch, he was involved in a car accident.

At the auto body shop, he met Liz, who later became his second wife. While leaving the network offices, he learned that Paramount Pictures had recently fired Shamus Culhane , the head of its animation division.

Bakshi met with Burt Hampft, a lawyer for the studio, and was hired to replace Culhane. Marvin Digs , which Bakshi conceived as a " flower child picture", was not completed the way he had intended: It "was going to have curse words and sex scenes, and a lot more than that.

Bakshi served as head of the studio for eight months before Paramount closed its animation division on December 1, He learned that his position was always intended to be temporary and that Paramount never intended to pick up his pitches.

Although Hampft was prepared to offer Bakshi a severance package, Bakshi immediately ripped up the contract. Hampft suggested that Bakshi work with producer Steve Krantz , who had recently fired Culhane as supervising director on the Canadian science fiction series Rocket Robin Hood.

Unknown to Bakshi, Krantz and producer Al Guest were in the middle of a lawsuit. Failing to reach a settlement with Guest, Krantz told Bakshi to grab the series' model sheets and return to the United States.

When the studio found out, a warrant for Bakshi's arrest was issued by the Toronto police. He narrowly avoided capture before being stopped by an American border guard who asked him what he was doing.

Bakshi responded, "All of these guys are heading into Canada to dodge the draft and I'm running back into the States. What the fuck is wrong with that!?

Vita was detained at the airport; he was searched and interrogated for six hours. Bakshi soon founded his own studio, Bakshi Productions, in the Garment District of Manhattan, where his mother used to work and which Bakshi described as "the worst neighborhood in the world".

His second child, Preston, was born in June He soon developed Heavy Traffic , a tale of inner-city street life.

Krantz told Bakshi that Hollywood studio executives would be unwilling to fund the film because of its content and Bakshi's lack of film experience, and would likely consider it if his first film was an adaptation.

Impressed by Crumb's sharp satire, Bakshi purchased the book and suggested to Krantz that it would work as a film. Krantz arranged a meeting with Crumb, during which Bakshi presented the drawings he had created while learning the artist's distinctive style to prove that he could adapt Crumb's artwork to animation.

Impressed by Bakshi's tenacity, Crumb lent him one of his sketchbooks for reference. Preparation began on a studio pitch that included a poster-sized cel featuring the comic's cast against a traced photo background—as Bakshi intended the film to appear.

Despite Crumb's enthusiasm, the artist refused to sign the contract Krantz drew up. After a week, Crumb left, leaving the film's production status uncertain.

Two weeks after Bakshi returned to New York, Krantz entered his office and told Bakshi that he had acquired the film rights through Dana, who had Crumb's power of attorney and signed the contract.

After Bakshi pitched the project to every major Hollywood studio , Warner Bros. Bakshi hired animators he had worked with in the past, including Vita, Tyer, Anzilotti and Nick Tafuri, and began the layouts and animation.

The first completed sequence was a junkyard scene in Harlem, in which Fritz smokes marijuana, has sex and incites a revolution. Krantz intended to release the sequence as a minute short in case the picture's financing fell through; [20] Bakshi, however, was determined to complete the film as a feature.

They screened the sequence for Warner Bros. Bakshi refused, and Warner Bros. Despite receiving financing from other sources, including Saul Zaentz who agreed to distribute the soundtrack album on his Fantasy Records label , the budget was tight enough to exclude pencil tests, so Bakshi had to test the animation by flipping an animator's drawings in his hand before they were inked and painted.

When a cameraman realized that the cels for the desert scenes were not wide enough and revealed the transparency, Bakshi painted a cactus to cover the mistake.

Very few storyboards were used. Artist Ira Turek inked the outlines of these photographs onto cels with a Rapidograph , the technical pen preferred by Crumb, giving the film's backgrounds a stylized realism virtually unprecedented in animation.

The tones of the watercolor backgrounds were influenced by the work of Ashcan School painters such as George Luks and John French Sloan.

Among other unusual techniques, bent and fisheye camera perspectives were used to portray the way the film's hippies and hoodlums viewed the city.

Many scenes featured documentary recordings of real conversations in place of scripted dialogue—this too would become a signature of Bakshi's.

In May , Bakshi moved his studio to Los Angeles to hire additional animators. Other animators were less pleased by Bakshi's arrival and placed an advertisement in The Hollywood Reporter , stating that his "filth" was unwelcome in California.

By the time production wrapped, Cinemation had released Melvin Van Peebles ' Sweet Sweetback's Baadasssss Song to considerable success, despite the X rating it had received.

By the time Fritz the Cat was released, Bakshi had become a celebrity, but his reputation was primarily based upon his having directed the first "dirty" animated film.

This became a tradition, and Bakshi wrote poems before beginning production on each of his films. The first of these poems was "Street Arabs", which preceded the production of Heavy Traffic in Inspiration for the film came from penny arcades , where Bakshi often played pinball , sometimes accompanied by his year-old son, Mark.

Bakshi pitched Heavy Traffic to Samuel Z. Arkoff , who expressed interest in his take on the "tortured underground cartoonist " and agreed to back the film.

Krantz had not compensated Bakshi for his work on Fritz the Cat , and halfway through the production of Heavy Traffic , Bakshi asked when he would be paid.

Krantz responded, "The picture didn't make any money, Ralph. It's just a lot of noise. Bakshi did not have a lawyer, so he sought advice from fellow directors with whom he had become friendly, including Martin Scorsese , Francis Ford Coppola and Steven Spielberg.

He soon accused Krantz of ripping him off, which the producer denied. As he continued to work on Heavy Traffic , Bakshi began pitching his next project, Harlem Nights , a film loosely based on the Uncle Remus story books.

The idea interested producer Albert S. Ruddy , whom Bakshi encountered at a screening of The Godfather.

Bakshi said, "I can't talk about that", and hung up. After locking Bakshi out of the studio the next day, Krantz called several directors, including Chuck Jones , in search of a replacement.

Arkoff threatened to withdraw his financial backing unless Krantz rehired Bakshi, who returned a week later.

Bakshi wanted the voices to sound organic, so he experimented with improvisation, allowing his actors to ad lib during the recording sessions.

Although Krantz, in an attempt to get the film an R rating, prepared different versions of scenes involving sex and violence, Heavy Traffic was rated X.

Newsweek applauded its "black humor, powerful grotesquerie and peculiar raw beauty. However, it is also an authentic work of movie art and Bakshi is certainly the most creative American animator since Disney.

In , Bakshi and Ruddy began the production of Harlem Nights , which Paramount was originally contracted to distribute. Its structure was rooted in the history of the slave plantation: slaves would "shout" lines from poems and stories great distances across fields in unison, creating a natural beat.

Bakshi has described its vocal style, backed by fast guitar licks, as an "early version of rap ". Bakshi intended to attack stereotypes by portraying them directly, culling imagery from blackface iconography.

Bakshi hired several African American animators to work on Coonskin , [32] including Brenda Banks, the first African American female animator.

Coonskin , advertised as an exploitation film, was given limited distribution and soon disappeared from theaters.

Initial reviews were negative; Playboy commented that "Bakshi seems to throw in a little of everything and he can't quite pull it together.

After production concluded on Harlem Nights , Bakshi wanted to distinguish himself artistically by producing a film in which live action and animated characters would interact.

Making it work almost drove us crazy. An initial version of Hey Good Lookin' was completed in A three-minute promo of this version was screened at the Cannes Film Festival , and the film was scheduled for a Christmas release, but was moved to the summers of and later , before ultimately being postponed indefinitely.

Bakshi financed the film's completion himself from the director's fees for other projects such as Wizards , The Lord of the Rings and American Pop.

This is an example of what Bakshi did best—using the medium of animation to comment on society. Unfortunately, he doesn't do it enough in this film.

There is a wildly imaginative fantasy sequence during the climax, when the character named Crazy starts hallucinating during a rooftop shooting spree.

This scene almost justifies the whole film. But otherwise, this is a rehash of ideas better explored in Coonskin , Heavy Traffic , and Fritz the Cat.

Returning to the fantasy drawings he had created in high school for inspiration, Bakshi intended to prove that he could produce a "family picture" that had the same impact as his adult-oriented films.

The crew included Vita, Turek, Sparey, Vitello and Spence, who had become comfortable with Bakshi's limited storyboarding and lack of pencil tests.

As the production costs increased, Fox president Alan Ladd, Jr. Bakshi and Lucas had negotiated contracts entitling them to franchise ownership, merchandising and back-end payment, so Ladd suggested that they fund the completion of their films themselves.

Bakshi chose rotoscoping as a cost-effective way to complete the movie's battle scenes with his own finances. Because he could not afford to hire a film crew or actors, or develop 35mm stock, Bakshi requested prints of films that contained the type of large battle scenes needed, including Sergei Eisenstein 's Alexander Nevsky , and spliced together the footage he needed.

Learning that IBM had introduced an industrial-sized photocopier, Bakshi asked one of the company's technical experts if he would be able to feed 35mm reels into the machine to produce enlarged copies of each frame.

The experiment worked, and Bakshi got the pages he needed for a penny per copy. As War Wizards neared completion, Lucas requested that Bakshi change the title of his film to Wizards to avoid conflict with Star Wars ; Bakshi agreed because Lucas had allowed Mark Hamill to take time off from Star Wars to record a voice for Wizards.

Although Wizards received a limited release, it was successful in the theaters that showed it and developed a worldwide audience. Tolkien 's three-volume novel would be condensed into a single film.

Before production began, Bakshi and Zaentz insisted that the Tolkien estate receive residuals from the film. Bakshi did not want to produce a broad cartoon version of the tale, so he planned to shoot the entire film in live action and animate the footage with rotoscoping.

Production of the live-action sequences took place in Spain. During the middle of a large shoot, union bosses called for a lunch break, and Bakshi secretly shot footage of actors in Orc costumes moving toward the craft service table, and used the footage in the film.

After the Spanish film development lab discovered that telephone lines, helicopters and cars were visible in the footage, they tried to incinerate it, telling Bakshi's first assistant director, "if that kind of sloppy cinematography got out, no one from Hollywood would ever come back to Spain to shoot again.

He did not want to repeat the process that had been used on Wizards , which was unsuitable for the level of detail he intended for The Lord of the Rings , so Bakshi and camera technician Ted Bemiller created their own photographic enlarger to process the footage cheaply.

Live-action special effects and analog optics were used in place of animation to keep the visual effects budget low and give the film a more realistic look.

Among the voice actors was the well-regarded John Hurt , who performed the role of Aragorn. The project's high-profile brought heavy trade journal coverage, and fans such as Mick Jagger visited the studio for the chance to play a role.

Animator Carl Bell loved drawing Aragorn so much that Bakshi gave Bell the live-action costume, which he wore while animating. Viewing The Lord of the Rings as a holiday film, United Artists pressured Bakshi to complete it on schedule for its intended November 15, , release.

Once it was finished, Bakshi was told that audiences would not pay to see an incomplete story; over his objections, The Lord of the Rings was marketed with no indication that a second part would follow.

He wrote that it was too dark and lacked humor, concluding, "The lurid, meaningless violence of this movie left me exhausted and sickened by the end.

Following the production struggles of The Lord of the Rings , Bakshi decided to work on something more personal.

Bakshi wanted to produce a film in which songs would be given a new context in juxtaposition to the visuals. Jackson , and Marcia Adams.

Bakshi has in turning animated characters into figures of real feelings. By , fantasy films such as The Beastmaster and Conan the Barbarian had proven successful at the box office, and Bakshi wanted to work with his long-time friend, the fantasy illustrator Frank Frazetta.

After production of Fire and Ice wrapped, Bakshi attempted several projects that fell through, including adaptations of Hunter S.

He passed the latter to Ridley Scott , who adapted it into the film Blade Runner although he was planning a TV version of said film.

During this period, Bakshi reread J. Salinger 's The Catcher in the Rye , which he had first read in high school, and saw parallels between his situation and that of the book's protagonist, Holden Caulfield.

Inspired to seek the film rights, he intended to shoot the story's bracketing sequences in live action and to animate the core flashback scenes.

Salinger had rejected previous offers to adapt the novel, and had not made a public appearance since or granted an interview since Bakshi sent Salinger a letter explaining why he should be allowed to adapt the novel; the writer responded by thanking Bakshi and asserting that the novel was unfit for any medium other than its original form.

Prompted in part by Salinger's letter, Bakshi briefly retired to focus on painting. During this time he completed the screenplay for If I Catch Her, I'll Kill Her , a live-action feature he had been developing since the late s.

United Artists and Paramount Pictures each paid Bakshi to develop the film in the s, but were unwilling to produce it, as were the studios he pitched the film to in the s.

According to Bakshi, "They thought that no one was going to admit that women can—and do—cheat on their husbands.

They thought it was too hot, which made no sense. He was told that the live-action shoot needed to be completed within one day January 28, for it to be shown at the Grammy Awards.

Production designer Wolf Kroeger was forced to drastically compact his sets, and animation director and designer John Kricfalusi had to push his team, including Lynne Naylor, Jim Smith and Bob Jaques, to complete the animation within a few weeks.

The band's arrival at the set was delayed by a snowstorm and several takes were ruined when the cameras crossed paths. Bakshi was forced to pay the union wages out of his own fees, and the continuity between Kricfalusi's animation and the live-action footage did not match; however, the video was completed on time.

Bakshi recognized Kricfalusi's talent, and wanted to put him in charge of a project that would showcase the young animator's skills. Bakshi and Kricfalusi co-wrote the screenplay Bobby's Girl as a take on the teen films of the era.

When Sagansky left TriStar, Bakshi was forced to pitch the film again, but the studio's new executives did not understand its appeal and cut off financing.

Bakshi and Zingarelli began to develop a feature about Hollywood's Golden Age , and Bakshi Productions crewmembers worked on proposed cartoons influenced by pulp fiction.

Bobby's Girl was reworked as a potential prime time series called Suzy's in Love , but attracted no serious interest.

Bakshi remembers, "My car was packed to the windows. Judy was my last stop before driving cross country back to New York to my family.

He told her that he had the rights to Mighty Mouse , and she agreed to purchase the series.

However, Bakshi did not own the rights and did not know who did. While researching the rights, he learned that CBS had acquired the entire Terrytoons library in and forgotten about it.

According to Bakshi, "I sold them a show they already owned, so they just gave me the rights for nothin'!

Kricfalusi's team wrote story outlines for thirteen episodes in a week and pitched them to Price. By the next week, Kricfalusi had hired animators he knew who had been working at other studios.

Mighty Mouse: The New Adventures went into production the month it was greenlighted; it was scheduled to premiere on September 19, This haste required the crew to be split into four teams, led by supervising director Kricfalusi, Fitzgerald, Steve Gordon and Bruce Woodside.

Each team was given a handful of episodes, and operated almost entirely independently of the others. Although the scripts required approval by CBS executives, Kricfalusi insisted that the artists add visual gags as they drew.

Despite the time constraints, CBS was pleased with the way Bakshi Productions addressed the network's notes. During the production of the episode "The Littlest Tramp", editor Tom Klein expressed concern that a sequence showing Mighty Mouse sniffing the remains of a crushed flower resembled cocaine use.

Bakshi did not initially view the footage; he believed that Klein was overreacting, but agreed to let him cut the scene. Kricfalusi expressed disbelief over the cut, insisting that the action was harmless and that the sequence should be restored.

Following Kricfalusi's advice, Bakshi told Klein to restore the scene, which had been approved by network executives and the CBS standards and practices department.

The episode aired on October 31, , without controversy. According to Bakshi, the proposed series "was going to be a revitalization of cartoon style from the '20s and '30s.

It was gonna have Duke Ellington and Fats Waller jazzing up the soundtrack. Concerning Bakshi's involvement with Mighty Mouse: The New Adventures , the AFA claimed that CBS "intentionally hired a known pornographer to do a cartoon for children, and then allowed him to insert a scene in which the cartoon hero is shown sniffing cocaine.

Fritz the Cat wasn't pornography. It was social commentary. This all smacks of burning books and the Third Reich.

It smacks of McCarthyism. Top most directores und writers and such. Do you have a demo reel? Add it to your IMDbPage.

How Much Have You Seen? How much of Ralph Bakshi's work have you seen? Known For. Wizards Director. The Lord of the Rings Director.

Fritz the Cat Director. Vanilla Sky Miscellaneous Crew. Show all 6 episodes. Ha-Ha Short animator. Show all 96 episodes. Show all 19 episodes.

Show all 25 episodes. Winlucky Short supervising. Rhinestone's Theory Short supervising. Short supervising.

Ha-Ha Short. Show all 30 episodes. Show all 7 episodes. Fire Chief voice. Stevie voice.

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3 comments

  1. Entschuldigen Sie, dass ich mich einmische, aber meiner Meinung nach ist dieses Thema schon nicht aktuell.

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